Transfer of responsibility for custody confirmed on its own initiative

Some of the more technical aspects of child custody include issues of jurisdiction. In Pennsylvania, jurisdiction in child custody cases is governed by the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (UCCJEA). According to the UCCJEA, a trial court has initial jurisdiction in child custody cases if: “Pennsylvania is the child's home state on the date the proceeding begins, or was the child's home state within six months prior to the commencement of the proceeding, and the child is not located in Pennsylvania, but a parent or person acting as a parent continues to reside in Pennsylvania…” After a trial court makes a custody decision, it retains exclusive continuing jurisdiction over the case until: “a court of this Commonwealth finds that neither the child nor the child and a parent nor the child and a person acting as a parent have a significant connection with the Commonwealth and that substantial evidence concerning the child's care, protection, education, and personal relationships no longer exists in this Commonwealth; or a court of this Commonwealth or a court of any other State finds that the child, the child's parents and any person acting as a parent are not for the time being resident in this Commonwealth.”

Jurisdiction begins when the action is filed in the state. Therefore, as long as the requirements for initial jurisdiction are met when the case is filed, the case will continue to be prosecuted in the state. Even if the parties and the child move out of the state during the life of the case,

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